Martial arts have been passed down since feudal Japan. The goal of Budo is for one to protects oneself but not to assault others. The aim is to avoid the conflict, but in case it erupts, the martial art enables one to win. Daito-ryu Aiki-jujtusu is one that these martial arts.
Daito-ryu is said to have been practiced for over a thousand years. Its origins reside in the martial techniques initially passed on within the Minamoto samurai clan by Minamoto no Yoshimitsu (1045-1127) who spent his childhood in the Daito in the province of Omi (now Shiga), hence providing the name Daito-ryu (Great Eastern School). Daito-ryu was then passe done within the Takeda family in the province of Kai (now Yamanashi prefecture) during the Warring States period. The Takeda line includes Takeda Shingen (1521-1573), one of the greatest generals of medieval Japan and after his death, the Takeda family settled in the province of Aizu (now Fukushima Prefecture).
It is much later that art was first presented to the public, when Takeda Sokaku (October 10, 1859 - April 25, 1943) began to openly teach the techniques of Daito-ryu during courses (according to his personal record, which has been preserved, Sokaku probably had nearly 30,000 students during his life). One of these students was Morihei Ueshiba, who used the techniques learned Takeda to create Aikido.
The Daito-ryu of Shikoku
The Daito-ryu of Shikoku goes back to Nakatsu Heizaburo (read his biography here), a physiological therapist from Ikeda who was a student of Morihei Ueshiba and Sokaku Takeda at the time of the practice in the Osaka Asahi newspaper from 1933 to 1939 (to learn more about the era of the practice at the Asahi newspaper, click here).
Nakatsu Sensei received the certificates of hiden ogi no koto in 1936 and kyoju dairi (representative instructor) in 1937 from his master Sokaku Takeda in Osaka.
Entry of Takeda Sokaku's eimeiroku showing that Nakatsu Heizaburo received the kyoju dairi in October 1937
Our Chief Instructors, Chiba Tsugutaka Sensei, and the director of Dojo Wakimachi, Masahito Onishi Sensei, are both students of Nakatsu Sensei, providing us with a direct and unbroken lineage from the origins of Daito-ryu.
Chiba Sensei was also fortunate to be able to spend a prolonged period of study at the Daito-kan of Hokkaido under the guidance of Takeda Tokimune, the son of Takeda Sokaku, making him one of the few people to have learned from these two major lineages of Daito-ryu (Takeda Tokimune and Heizaburo Nakatsu).